Adaptive Classifications

Rowing

AS (Arms and Shoulders)

Athletes who have minimal or no trunk function and minimal or no use of their legs. These athletes likely have poor sitting balance. AS rowers are not able to use the sliding seat and require a fixed seat adaptation for the indoor rower.

TA (Trunk and Arms)

Athletes who have functional use of the trunk and minimal or no use of their legs. TA athletes are not able to use a sliding seat and require a fixed seat adaptation.

LTA–VI (Leg Trunk and Arms—Blind or Visually Impaired)

Athletes who have functional use of their legs, trunk and arms. They are able to use the standard sliding seat of the indoor rower and are not required to wear any supportive straps. These athletes are blind or visually impaired.

LTA–ID (Leg Trunk and Arms—Intellectually Disabled)

Athletes who have functional use of their legs, trunk and arms. They are able to use the standard sliding seat of the indoor rower and are not required to wear any supportive straps. These athletes are intellectually disabled.

LTA–AK (Leg Trunk and Arms—Single Leg, Above the Knee Amputee)

Athletes who have functional use of their legs, trunk and arms. They are able to use the standard sliding seat of the indoor rower and are not required to wear any supportive straps. These athletes have a single leg, above the knee amputation.

LTA–PD (Leg Trunk and Arms—Physically Disabled)

Athletes who have functional use of their legs, trunk and arms. They are able to use the standard sliding seat of the indoor rower and would not be required to wear any supportive straps. These athletes have one or more forms of physical disability that are not listed above including, but not limited to, neuromuscular-related ailments.

FES (Functional Electrical Stimulation)

FES technology allows paraplegic athletes to stimulate paralyzed leg muscles. Rowers control their legs by pressing a button on the rowing machine handle, which then transmits electrical impulses through electrodes to the nerves controlling their leg muscles.